Information about Kerala

Information about Kerala, Kerala is just amazing and wonderful spice states of India. It consists of only 1.3 percent of the total area of India. Kerala (the spice state) is at southwest of India. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu limited it in the north, east and south and in the east till the Arabian Sea. Allied physiographic, the state can be divided into three regions, Highlands, Midlands and Lowlands. Kerala lies from high Western Ghats to the Arabian Sea. The width of this beautiful state Kerala goes from 35 km to 120 km. There are extensive backwaters, lagoons and coconut trees in the plain area. The central areas are watered through numerous streams and where the presence of rice fields, areca chestnuts and coconut trees continue to dominate the landscape. The third natural part, the Western Ghats Highlands consists of deep ravines and thick jungles.

Kerala is a narrow stretch of green land of rivers and backwaters. There are some rivers that also run east, which are the tributaries of the Cauvery. The length of most rivers is extremely limited and they feed on monsoon. Some of the rivers are BHARATAPUZHA, PEECHI, MALAMPUZHA, GAYATRI, CHALAKKUDY, NEYYAR, PERIYAR, WALAYAR, VAZHANI, , MANGALAM AND CHEERAKUZHY. The backwaters form a particularly attractive and economically valuable feature of Kerala. They include lakes and ocean coves that stretch irregularly along the coast. The largest backwater is VEEMBANDH Lake. The state has a long coastline with about 550 km of extension. The state enjoys a stable climate with high temperatures almost all year round. There is participation of both southwest and northeast monsoons. The mountainous area receives more rainfall than other parts of the state.


Climate and agriculture (Information about Kerala)

Kerala being located in the tropical zone, experiences the typical humid tropical climate. Meanwhile, its extreme eastern fringes experience a wet and drier tropical climate. Kerala receives an average annual rainfall of 3100 mm. Kerala’s rainfall is mainly the result of seasonal monsoons. As a result, Kerala averaged about 120-140 rainy days per year. In the summers, most of Kerala is prone to strong winds, storms and torrential rains accompanying dangerous cyclones coming from the Indian Ocean.

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people. Most of the Kerala population depends on agriculture and fishing. A unique feature of the State is the predominance of income crops. Kerala is a major producer of coconut, rubber, pepper, cardamom, ginger, cocoa, cashew, clam, coffee and tea. This state is the producer of Spices such as nutmeg, cinnamon, cloves, etc. Coconut is the most important cardboard crop in Kerala. Pepper earns the maximum change. Banana, pineapple, mango and jackfruit are the main fruit crops. Rice and tapioca are important food crops. Tapioca is generally consumed locally, but some of them go to feed starch factories and mills manufacturing tapioca flour. Kerala is not self-sufficient in food. The total area under cultivation has increased in relation to coconut, rubber, pepper and turmeric. However, crops such as cashews, bananas, peanuts and sesame lost their coverage in the area.