Information about Gujarat

Information about Gujarat, Gujarat is the part of its western boundary of India which lies on the edge. Its coastline extends from the mouth of the Indus River, curves around the large SAURASHTRA peninsula and turns south to a point about 160 km north of Bombay. Gujarat population is around 50 million. There is also a sizeable GUJARATIS community living and working outside India. Gujarat has three major geographical divisions: Gujarat Continental, the SAURASHTRA Peninsula, and Kutch. Gujarat Mainland consists of coastal plains. These all merge around northern Gujarat and Ahmadabad. Fringing this area in the north and east are the Uplands of southern ARAVALLIS, the western ranges of Vindhya and SATPURA, and the Western Ghats. The southern areas are good for agriculture, although most of the state is dry.

The people of Gujarat are popular as GUJRATI. It is one of the Western and richest states and we have developed been in India. The popular Gujarat came through “GUJARA”. This group ruled the area during the 8th and 9th centuries. GUJARA is also the name of a pastoral caste (social class). Archaeological evidence shows that the region had cities as early as 2000 BC. Later on the control passed to the British East India Company in 1818. After independence from India in 1947, Gujarat was incorporated into the state of Bombay. In 1960, the Gujarati language areas of Bombay were divided to form the present-day Gujarat.


Facts about Gujarat (Information about Gujarat)

Gujarat has a cultural heritage dating back to a civilization that existed 3,000 years ago. Signs include an old bead factory discovered at the archaeological site of LOTHAL. Gujarati literature dates from the 12th century. Gujarat cuisine is mainly vegetarian, reflecting the strong influence of the JAINS and VAISNAVAS in the region. Wheat and the two types of millet are the main staples. Flour is made in unleavened bread called ROTI. People eat this with all variety of vegetable and without this hunger still remain. The villager has a light breakfast of ROTI and milk or curd before leaving for the fields. Lunch is usually ROTI and milk.

Gujarat is known for its beautiful handicrafts. Silk saris are made in PATAN and block prints are produced in Ahmadabad. SURAT is famous for its ZARI, embroidered with gold or silver thread. JUMNAGAR is a colorful tie-dyed workplace, while peasant women in SAURASHTRA and Kutch produce embroidery containing small mirrors as well as beads. Making jewelry and cutting gemstones are also traditional crafts in Gujarat. Gujarati men wear the dhoti (thong consisting of a long piece of white cotton wrapped around the waist and then drawn between the legs and folded at the waist), accompanied by a shirt and jacket closed with ropes. Women wear the sari (a length of cloth wrapped around the waist, with one end thrown over the right shoulder) and CHOLI.